Struggling learners sometimes exhibit behaviors that inhibit their own education and development. Functional Behavior Assessments (FBAs) and Behavior Intervention Plans (BIPs) exist to provide educators with a framework through which they can help students better understand their actions and cultivate more appropriate behaviors that support learning. These protocols are mandated for districts under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and must be part of the continuum of Special Education Services. Thoughtful use of FBAs and BIPs provides struggling learners with behavioral support enabling them to engage positively and productively in their education.


CASDA’s Struggling Learners faculty has comprehensive knowledge of the legal mandates and case law pertaining to FBAs and BIPs. Their vast experience as instructors, administrators and CSE chairs provides unique insight into best practice applications of these behavioral supports. Faculty experts meet with district and Special Education leadership to review current protocols, identify areas of improvement and initiate a process of best practice implementation. This process often includes:

  • Review of legal requirements of state and federally mandated legal requirements.

  • Development of a SMART Goal framework to guide and evaluate best practice implementation.

  • Thorough training in the behavior assessment process and its accompanying documentation.

  • Strategies for engaging students in more positive reactions to stimuli that precipitate undesirable behaviors.

  • Integrating FBAs/BIPs into Individual Education Plans.

  • Modeling of best practices for instructors and paraprofessionals.

  • Follow-up training, evaluation and support.




Supporting student behavior unquestionably enhances the learning environment. Employing FBA and BIP best practices is an essential component of thorough and equitable Special Education programming. Training educators to judiciously utilize these programs must be a priority for all districts striving to improve the education of struggling learners. 

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University at Albany 
1400 Washington Ave
Catskill B27
Albany, NY 12222  

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